• A. Korynevych Institute of International Relations, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
  • O. Chubinidze Institute of International Relations of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv


The article reveals the peculiarities of application of universal jurisdiction in national law. In particular, attention was paid to the mechanisms for consolidating universal jurisdiction in the legislation of the Romano-Germanic and Anglo-Saxon legal systems, in particular as regards its subject-matter, personal and territorial application. An inalienable element of this study is the analysis of the powers and practice of the judicial authorities in this matter.
The main purpose of the article is a study of universal jurisdiction, based on classical cases of its consolidation in national law. Additionally, we provide the consideration of issues of practical
application thereof in cases of war crimes. The conclusion is that national legislation has moved to a more narrow understanding of universal jurisdiction. Most often, in order to start a case, the complainant must be present before the national court. It is important that the offenses have a connection with public interests of the state iudex loci deprehensionis. The problem is also that the consolidation and application of universal jurisdiction at the national level has not been yet unified.
Key words: universal jurisdiction, national criminal law, comparative law, judicial authorities, grave crimes.

References 1. Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. [Електроний ресурс]. - Режим доступу: <> 2. Law Reports of Trials of War Criminals (L.R.T.W.C), Vol. 15. - [Електроний ресурс]. - Режим доступу: <—Reports_Vol—15.pdf> 3. The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. (1998), The International Criminal Court (ICC). - [Електроний ресурс]. - Режим доступу: <> 4. Arrest Warrant of 11 April 2000 (Democratic Republic of the Congo v. Belgium). - [Електроний ресурс]. - Режим доступу: <> 5. 28 U.S. Code § 1350 — Alien’s action for tort. ). - [Електроний ресурс]. - Режим доступу: <> 6. Constitución Española, Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado. - [Електроний ресурс]. - Режим доступу: <> 7. Code de procédure pénale, Legifrance. - [Електроний ресурс]. - Режим доступу:;jsessionid=8D7A735D0F327A8D49651831AD29817E.tpdjo04v_2?idSectionTA=LEGISCTA000006151920&cidTexte=LEGITEXT000006071154&dateTexte=20090315> 8. Case Filartiga v. Pena—Irala (577 F. Supp. 860): E.D.N.Y., 1984. - [Електроний ресурс]. - Режим доступу: <—courts/FSupp/577/860/1496989/>
9. Case of Sosa v. Alvarez—Machain (03—339): 542 U.S. 692, 2004. 331 F.3d 604, reversed. - [Електроний ресурс]. - Режим доступу: <—339.ZS.html.>
10. Case of the Public Prosecutor v. Pascal Simbikangwa. - [Електроний ресурс]. - Режим доступу: <
11. Case of Zyklon B. (Trial of Bruno Tesch and 2 ors, 1946): Law Reports of Trials of War Criminals (L.R.T.W.C), Vol. 1. - [Електроний ресурс]. - Режим доступу: < > 12. Del Código Penal de Española, Noticias. - [Електроний ресурс]. - Режим доступу: <—1995.html> 13. El Caso de Genocidio en Guatemala. - [Електроний ресурс]. - Режим доступу: <—9/casos—3/el—caso—de—genocidio—en—guatemala/el—caso—de—genocidio—en—guatemala—2/>
14. Gesetz zur Einfuhrung des Volkerstrafgesetzbuch: Bundesgesetz blatt (2000). Volume I. 15. Guatemala Genocide Case, CONSTITUTIONAL COURT OF SPAIN. - [Електроний ресурс]. - Режим доступу: <
16. Judgement District Court of Jerusalem, Case of Attorney General of Israel v. Eichmann (40/61), 1961. - [Електроний ресурс]. - Режим доступу: <—adolf/transcripts/> 17. La Sección Tercera de la Sala de lo Penal de la Audiencia Nacional. - [Електроний ресурс]. - Режим доступу: <> 18. Ley de Enjuiciamiento Criminal. - [Електроний ресурс]. - Режим доступу: <> 19. Ley Orgánica 6/1985. - [Електроний ресурс]. - Режим доступу: < › Buscar> 20. Nazis and Nazi Collaborators — Punishment — Law — 5710—1950. - [Електроний ресурс]. - Режим доступу: <—archive/1950—1959/pages/nazis%20and%20nazi%20collaborators%20—punishment—%20law—%20571.aspx
Актуальні проблеми міжнародних відносин. Випуск 141. 2019. .
21. Sharon and Yaron, HSA v SA (Ariel Sharon) and YA (Amos Yaron), Final appeal/Cassation (concerning questions of law, Court of Cassation, 2003.
22. Völkerstrafgesetzbuch ("Code of Crimes against International Law"). - [Електроний ресурс]. - Режим доступу:
23. Bakker C. A. E. (2006) Universal Jurisdiction of Spanish Courts over Genocide in Tibet: Can it Work? Journal of International Criminal Justice 4: 595-601.
24. Cassese A. (2003.) International Criminal Law. London: Oxford University Press.
25. Colangelo A. (2005) The Legal Limits of Universal Jurisdiction, Virginia Journal of International Law 47: 77-81.
26. David E. (2012) Principes de droit des conflits armés. Bruxelles: Bruylant.
27. Danner A., Martinez J. Guilty Associations: Joint Criminal Enterprise, Command Responsibility, and the Development of International Criminal Law, UC BERKELEY SCHOOL OF LAW. - [Електроний ресурс]. - Режим доступу: <>
28. Dewan, Angela; Swails, Brent (30 May 2016). Ex-Chad dictator sentenced to life for war crimes. CNN. - [Електроний ресурс]. - Режим доступу:
29. Haberstroh, J. (2004) The Alien Tort Claims Act & Doe v. Unocal: A Paquete Habana Approach to the Rescue in Denv. J. Int'l L. & Pol'y: 231–241.
30. Halberstam, M. (2003) Belgium’s Universal Jurisdiction Law: Vindication of International Justice or Pursuit of Politics? Cardozo Law Review 25. 31. Henckaerts J. - M. (2005). Customary international humanitarian law. Cambridge Univ. Press.
32. Hufbauer G., Mitrokostas N. (2004) International Implications of the Alien Tort Statute. St. Thomas L. Rev.
33. Lillich R. (1985) Invoking International Human Rights Law in Domestic Courts. U. Cin. L. Rev.
34. Mikhail А. Ahead of the Game: Prosecuting Syrian Crimes in French Courts, Lawfare, <—game—prosecuting—syrian—crimes—french—courts >
35. Trouille H. Universal Jurisdiction and Rwandan génocidaires: The Simbikangwa Trial - [Електроний ресурс]. - Режим доступу: <—abstract/14/1/195/2412001?redirectedFrom=fulltext>
36. Steiner H. (2008) International Human Rights in Context. London: Oxford University Press.
37. Schabas William. The UN international criminal tribunals: the former Yugoslavia, Rwanda and Sierra Leone. Cambridge University Press. 2006. 250 р.
38. Make way for Justice #4. - [Електроний ресурс]. - Режим доступу: <—content/uploads/2018/03/UJAR—Make—way—for—Justice—2018.pdf>
39. Rwanda: Ignace Murwanashyaka and Straton Musoni tried. - [Електроний ресурс]. - Режим доступу: <—africa—13275795.>
40. The arrest of Augusto Pinochet: ten years on. - [Електроний ресурс]. - Режим доступу: <—arrest—of—augusto—pinochet—ten—years—on >
41. Universal Jurisdiction in Europe. - [Електроний ресурс]. - Режим доступу: <>
42. War Crimes Suits Filed In Belgium Against Bush, Blair. - [Електроний ресурс]. - Режим доступу: <>
43. Бойцов А. И. (2004). Выдача преступников [Extradition of criminals]. Санкт-Петербург : Юрид. центр Пресс.
44. Измайлова П. Р. (2015) Уголовная ответственность должностных лиц государства за преступления по международному праву : дисс. канд. юр. наук: 12.00.10 / [Criminal responsibility of state officials for crimes under international law]. Институт государства и права. Москва.
45. Королев Г. А. (2010) Универсальная юрисдикция государств в отношении серьезных нарушений норм международного права :основания применения и порядок осуществления : автореф. дисс. ... канд. юр. наук: 12.00.10 / [Universal jurisdiction of states in respect of serious violations of international law]. Институт государства и права. Москва.

Author Biographies

A. Korynevych, Institute of International Relations, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv

Philosophy Doctor in International Law, Associate Professor at the Department of International Law 

O. Chubinidze, Institute of International Relations of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv

 Postgraduate student of the Department of International Law