EVOLUTION OF THE EASTERN PARTNERSHIP REGARDING ASSOCIATED COUNTRIES

  • I. Berezovska Institute of International Relations of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv. 

Abstract

The entry into force of the Association Agreements concluded by the European Union with Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine has become a key moment in the Eastern Partnership evolution resulting in the widened gap between the partnership countries. The article emphasizes that these agreements created the legal basis for enhancing the EU law impact on the associated countries resulting in the Europeanisation of the legislation of the latter. It notes that due to implementation of these agreements the associated countries have already started large-scale internal reforms.
The article shows that against the apparent success in the implementation by the EaP associated countries there emerge initiatives to implement a separate advanced format of EU cooperation with the associated countries – the Eastern Partnership Plus.
The completion in 2020 of the implementation period of the Eastern Partnership's main working document 20 Priorities for 2020 together with the perspective of holding of the next sixth summit of all partnership countries give a chance to renew the partnership based on the more for more principle and to develop new mechanisms of work that can meet the associated countries’ intentions to deepen the EU integration.
The article points out that the announcement by the European Union of broad strategic consultations on the updates of the Eastern Partnership is a positive element that should be used by the associated countries to convince the EU of the need for a new strategy that will complement the Eastern Partnership and make it more focused on the integration objectives of the three countries.
It gives arguments that Association Agreements updating efforts may be an efficient way to make such aspirations come true, analyses the grounds and directions for such update.
The article underlines that the associated countries need to use the time remaining to deciding on the further evolution of the EaP for the definite implementation of the current operation programme and demonstration of significant progress in the Association Agreements implementation.
Keywords: Eastern Partnership, European Union, Association Agreement, EaP Associated Countries, Free Trade Area, legislation approximation.

References
1. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council Eastern Partnership. Brussels, 3.12.2008 COM(2008) 823 final.
2. European Parliament recommendation of 15 November 2017 to the Council, the Commission and the EEAS on the Eastern Partnership, in the run-up to the November 2017 Summit (2017/2130(INI)).
3. Joint Staff Working Document Eastern Partnership - 20 Deliverables for 2020 Focusing on key priorities and tangible results Brussels, 9.6.2017 SWD (2017) 300 final. <https://eeas.europa.eu/sites/eeas/files/swd_2017_300_f1_joint_staff_working_paper_en_v5_p1_940530.pdf>
4. Закон України «Про Рішення Ради асоціації між Україною та ЄС про внесення змін і доповнень до Додатка XXVII до Угоди про асоціацію між Україною, з однієї сторони, та Європейським Союзом, Європейським співтовариством з атомної енергії і їхніми державами-членами, з іншої сторони від 6 червня 2019 року№ 2739-VIII [Law of Ukraine “On the Decision of the Ukraine and EU Association Council amending Annex XXVII to the Association Agreement between Ukraine, of the one part, and the European Union, the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States, of the other part, June 6, 2019, No. 2739-VIII] // Відомості Верховної Ради (ВВР), 2019, № 27, ст.112.
5. Emerson M. Scenarios for a Wider Europe. Centre for European Policy Studies, N 2019/02, February 2019 <https://www.ceps.eu/ceps-publications/scenarios-wider-europe/>
6. Loo G. The EU-Ukraine Association Agreement and Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area: A New Legal Instrument for EU Integration without Membership. - Leiden; Boston ]: Brill Nijhoff, 2016. Series: Studies in EU external relations ; volume 10, 434.
7. Solonenko I. ‘Eastern Partnership Countries: democracy in limbo’, EUobserver, 06.01.2015. <https://euobserver.com/opinion/127032; Eastern Partnership European Integration Index 2014, January 2015: www.eap- index.eu.>
8. Martinaitis Žilvinas. European Promises: Policy Options of Eastern Partnership Policy. Baltic Journal of European Studies Tallinn University of Technology (ISSN 2228-0588), Vol. 8, No. 2 (25), 164-181.
9. Артьомов І. Десятиліття Східного Партнерства: проблеми та перспективи [The Decade of the Eastern Partnership: Challenges and Prospects]. Геополітичні пріоритети України. Збірник наукових праць. Випуск 1 (22), 2019, 7-29. <http://geopolitics-of-ukraine.uzhnu.edu.ua/article/download/2078-1431.2019.1%2822%29.7-29/166198>
10. Березовська І. Правові механізми інтеграції в рамках Європейського економічного простору: досвід для України [Legal mechanisms of integration within the framework of the European economic space: more for Ukraine] // Право України. – 2011. – № 8. – С. 236-244.
11. Блокманс C. 10-річчя Східного партнерства: три поразки ЄС та шанс на оновлення. [10th Anniversary of the Eastern Partnership: three EU defeats and a chance for renewal]. <https://www.eurointegration.com.ua/articles/2019/05/13/7096046/>
Актуальні проблеми міжнародних відносин. Випуск 141. 2019. .
27
12. Макаруха З. 10-а річниця заснування ініціативи ЄС «Східне Партнерство»: нагода обговорити майбутнє партнерства після 2020 [10th Anniversary of the EU Eastern Partnership Initiative: an opportunity to discuss the future of the partnership after 2020]. Журнал європейського і порівняльного права, випуск 9 (2), 2018, 17-26 < http://journals.iir.kiev.ua/index.php/pravo/article/download/3642/3310>
13. Мартинюк В. Більше безпеки та перспектива членства в ЄС: як варто змінити Східне партнерство [Better security and the prospect of EU membership: how the Eastern Partnership should be changed] <https://www.eurointegration.com.ua/articles/2019/07/3/7097905/>
14. Нагорняк І. Нова реальність для Східного партнерства: як зміниться ключова ініціатива ЄС [A new reality for the Eastern Partnership: how a key EU initiative will change] < https://www.eurointegration.com.ua/experts/2019/08/5/7099191/>
15. Cидоренко С. Свято без перспектив: що планує робити Євросоюз із форматом Східного партнерства [An official holiday with no prospects: what the EU plans to do with the Eastern Partnership format] <https://www.eurointegration.com.ua/articles/2019/05/15/7096156/>
16. Eastern Partnership structured consultation. An official website of the European Union <https://ec.europa.eu/neighbourhood-enlargement/tenders/consultation_eap_en>
17. Ukraine’s Implementation of 20 Eastern PartnershipDeliverables for 2020Monitoring by the Ukrainian national platform of the EaP Civil Society PlatformState of Play as of 1 September 2018.<https://www.civic-synergy.org.ua/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/Ukraine-s-Implementation-of-20-Eastern-Partnership-Deliverables-for-2020.pdf>
18. Київ просить ЄС про нову стратегію відносин для України, Молдови та Грузії [Kyiv asking the EU for a new relations strategy for Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia] <https://www.pravda.com.ua/news/2019/10/22/7229722/>
19. Порівняльний аналіз «20 очікуваних досягнень Східного партнерства до 2020 р.» з положеннями Угоди про асоціацію: якою є додана вартість для відносин Україна-ЄС? [The Eastern Partnership’s key deliverables compared with the Association Agreement provisions: what is the added value for the EU-Ukraine relations?].< https://www.civic-synergy.org.ua/en/analytics/the-eastern-partnership-s-key-deliverables-compared-with-the-association-agreement-provisions-what-is-the-added-value-for-the-eu-ukraine-relations/>
20. «Промисловий безвіз»: оціночна місія ЄС може прибути вже у першій половині 2020 року [Industrial Dropping Off: EU Assessment Mission May Arrival in First Half of 2020] <https://www.eurointegration.com.ua/news/2019/10/8/7101659/>

Author Biography

I. Berezovska, Institute of International Relations of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv. 


Candidate of Legal Sciences, Senior Research Associate of the research department

Published
2020-02-20