SPESIAL SERVICES: IN THE ”GREY ZONE” OF HYBRID PEACE AND HYBRID WARMS
This article is devoted to sense, features, history and current tendencies of subversive operations that are conducted by special services. Such operations are cornerstone of governing chaos as a part of hybrid war and hybrid peace.
Actual problems of international relations. Release 135. 2018
Possible ways of weakening and preventing negative influences of such operations on national security and defense of Ukraine are analyzed. One of key elements of policy in “grey zone” of hybrid war and hybrid peace is subversive activity inspired by special services and aimed at deconsolidation of victim state. In other words its dismantling under pressure of chaos.
Hybrid threats may be connected to governmental and nongovernmental actors that are practicing regular and irregular warfare, cybercrime, cyberterrorism and other asymmetric means.
Following abovementioned trend role of subversive activity of special services linked with various terrorist and rebel cells is growing. They are focused on decreasing level of loyalty to current political regime by big political and social groups inside the country. Ideally it may result in total or partial subordination of victim state to symbols and institutions of aggressor (external administration similar to colonization). In practice it means activities aimed at subversion of military, economical, psychological, political and moral influence of victim state government.
Key words: intelligence; special services; subversive operations; covert operations; grey zone; hybrid peace; hybrid wars; governing chaos.
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