GERMANY’S ATTITUDE TOWARD THE EUROPEAN INTEGRATION AND EURO-ATLANTIC ASPIRATIONS OF UKRAINE

  • V Krushinsky Institute of International Relations of National Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
  • B Pryіmak Institute of International Relations of National Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv

Abstract

. Despite the long history of relations Ukraine had a sidetrack in the German Eastern European politics. Ukrainian-German relations were in the shadow of German-Russian.

This led to inconsistencies in the development of the German strategy for Ukraine and its European and Euro-Atlantic aspirations. Another cause is a dualism of German foreign policy – as a nation-state on the one hand and on the other – as the informal leader of the EU, the most influential country in the union, whose foreign policy to some extent affects Europe overall. As the informal leader of the EU, Germany wants to strengthen the organization, including by means of the expansion and attraction of the new member-states. At the same time, Germany cannot let the entry of economically weak and politically unstable states that will dilute the strength of the organization. This opinion is shared by the German foreign policy, since the increased number of weak economies in the EU will increase the burden on the economy of Germany. On the one hand this will prorogue considerably Ukraine’s entry to the EU and NATO, but at the same time the situation may change for the better in the event that positive changes take place in Ukraine.

The breakdown of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries is characterized by significant changes in the format of relations between countries, including the Eastern region, in particular the relations between Ukraine and Germany changed significantly. There is an abandonment of the fixed spheres of influence concept and political supremacy of some states over others. Germany and many of countries in the region are united in the European Union and NATO. There are new mighty centers of power, especially Poland, which is trying to play an independent role. This dictates the need for Germany to take into account the position of the Polish foreign policy strategies under development in the region.

Author Biographies

V Krushinsky, Institute of International Relations of National Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor of International Relations and Foreign Policy Chair
B Pryіmak, Institute of International Relations of National Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
PhD student of International Relations and Foreign Policy Chair

References

Mіzhnarodnі vіdnosini that svіtova polіtika: pіdruchnik / Coeur. aut. count. V. Y. Krushinsky; of Ed. V. A. Manzholi. – K .: Vidavnicho polіgrafіchny-center “Kiev The University”, 2010. – 863 p. – from. 108–116.

Nіmetsko-Ukrainian ekonomіchnі vіdnosini. [German-Ukrainian economic relations] Available at: <http://www.kiew.diplo.de/Vertretung/kiew/uk/04/Bilat_wirt_bez/Bilat_wirt_bez.html>

Іnіtsіativa ES “Shіdne partnership”: Prospects efektivnoї realіzatsії that mozhlivostі for Ukraine. – 50 seconds. [The EU initiative “Eastern Partnership”: prospects for effective implementation and opportunities for Ukraine] Available at: <http://www.niss.gov.ua/content/articles/files/Shidne_partn-ce670.pdf. – from. 18>

Landerschwerpunkt Ukraine. Landes- und Wirtschaftsinformationen. [Country focus Ukraine. State and economic information] Available at: <http://www.rheinhessen.ihk24.de/international/LSPUkraine/Landes_und_Wirtschaftsinformationen/1449984>

Socol S. (2007) ‘Misce Ukraine in zovnіshnіy polіtitsі Nіmechchini in Shіdnіy Єvropі na Suchasnyj etapі’ [Ukraine’s place in the foreign policy of Germany in Eastern Europe today], Natsіonalny University “Kievo-Mogilyanska akademіya”. – P. 55–58.

Kryvonos R. (2000) Deutsch-ukrainische Beziehungen vor dem Machtwechsel in Deutschland 1998. // 88. [ German-Ukrainian relations before the change of power in Germany 1998 // 88. Berliner Osteuropa Info. Forum] Berliner Osteuropa Info. Forum. – P. 90.

Ukrainsko-nіmetskі vіdnosini. [Ukrainian-German relations]. Available at: <http://pidruchniki.com/1474100255645/politologiya/ukrayinsko-nimetski_vidnosini>

Іntegratsіya Ukraine v ES. Shlyakhov i perspective rozvitku. [The integration of Ukraine into the EU. Ways and prospects.]. Available at: <http://www.bestreferat.ru/referat-47926.html>

Budanov D. (2015) ‘Participation of Germany in the process of EU enlargement to the East, and Poland’, Bulletin of the Northern (Arctic) Federal University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences. – № 1. – P. 29–30.

Germany against the expansion of the EU in the near future. Available at: <http://podrobnosti.ua/351155-germanija-protiv-rasshirenija-es-v-blizhajshem-buduschem.html>

France and Germany against the expansion of the EU. Available at: <http://www.pravda.com.ua/rus/news/2009/05/11/4484174/>

Tired and disgruntled: EU expansion slows. Available at: <http://www.svoboda.org/content/article/24947519.html#page=1>

Tereshko S. (2013 ) Shіdny vimіr polіtiki EU in kontekstі natsіonalnih іnteresіv Ukraine. [Eastern dimension of EU policy in the context of national interests of Ukraine]. Available at: <http://www.niisp.org.ua/teresh~2.pdf. – S. 3>

Tolkachev V., Semenov O. (2011) “Weimar Triangle” in international relations in Europe: results and prospects’, Bulletin of the Nizhny Novgorod University. Lobachevskii. – № 5 (1). – P. 261.

Deutschland-Ukraine: Schwierige, aber wichtige Partnerschaft. [Germany-Ukraine: Difficult but important partnership.] Available at: <http://www.kas.de/wf/doc/kas_14216-1522-1-30.pdf?080723111229>

Ukraine is impossible to push for NATO membership. Available at: <http://www.dw.de/украину-нельзя-подталкивать-к-вступлению-в-нато/a-3234708>

Іnіtsіativa ЄS “Shіdne partnership”: Prospects efektivnoї realіzatsії that mozhlivostі for Ukraine. [The EU initiative “Eastern Partnership”: prospects for effective implementation and opportunities for Ukraine]. Available at: <http://www.niss.gov.ua/content/articles/files/Shidne_partn-ce670.pdf – with. 16>

Ukrainsko-nіmetskі vіdnosini. [Ukrainian-German relations]. Available at: <http://pidruchniki.com/1474100255645/politologiya/ukrayinsko-nimetski_vidnosini>

Actualniy “zrіz” she korotkostrokovі prіoriteti dvostoronnіh vіdnosin Ukrainy z provіdnimi krainami Evropi. [The actual “cut” and short-term priorities for Ukraine bilateral relations with the leading countries of Europe] Available at: <http://historical-club.org.ua/inshe/inshimateriali/982-aktualnij-zriz-ta-korotkostrokovi-prioriteti-dvostoronnix-vidnosin-ukrayinaz-providnimi- krayinami-yevropi.html>

Ukraine und die Europaische Union. [Ukraine and EU] Available at: <http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ukraine_und_die_Europaiische_Union>

Is Germany supports Ukraine in the conflict with Russia? Available at: <http://www.facenews.ua/news/2014/239743/>

Germany against NATO expansion. Available at: <http://www.eurointegration.com.ua/rus/news/2014/07/30/7024582>

≪Die Verbindung Ol, Gas und Nato ist im Ukraine-Konflikt in Reinkultur zu beobachten≫. Interview mit Dr. Daniele Ganser. [“The connection between oil, gas and NATO can be observed in the Ukraine conflict in reink culture”. Interview with Dr. Daniele Ganser.] Available at: <http://www.zeit-fragen.ch/index.php?id=1868>

10 years of the EU enlargement to the East: everything is just beginning. Available at: <http://www.germania-online.diplo.de/Vertretung/russland-dz/ru/01-politik/eu/10-letrasshirenija-evropeiskogo-sojuza-na- vostok-vse-tol.html>

Analyse: Die deutsch-ukrainischen Beziehungen auf zivilgesellschaftlicher Ebene: Stand und Verbesserungsvorschlage. [Analysis: German-Ukrainian relations at civil society level: status and suggestions for improvement.] Available at: <http://www.bpb.de/internationales/europa/ukraine/203698/analyse-die-deutsch-ukrainischen-beziehungen-auf-zivilgesellschaftlicher-ebene-stand-und-verbesserungsvorschlaege>

Nіmetskі іnzheneri zbirayut modulnі budinki for pereselentsіv in Harkov. [German engineers collect modular homes for settlers in Kharkiv.]. Available at: http://www.unian.ua/society/995908-nimetski-injeneri-zbirayut-modulni-budinki-dlya-pereselentsiv-u-harkovi.html.

Evroіntegratsіynі pragnennya Ukraine: dosyagnennya that prospect. [Eurointegration aspirations of Ukraine]. Available at: http://www.viche.info/journal/2288

Published
2017-11-18