THE MAIN TRENDS AND APPROACHES IN THE THEORIES OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS TO GEOPOLITICAL TRANSFORMATIONS
Abstract. The article is devoted to the main trends and approaches in the theories of international relations to geopolitical transformations. In modern conditions, the process of formation of a stable global geopolitical system is not over. Discussions are continuing about the possibility of creating a unipolar world, a multipolar world, or restoring a bipolar model with different centers of power than before. These trends significantly strengthen the factor of geopolitical interests of national states and other global actors adhering to different geopolitical concepts. The analysis of the geopolitical stability and strategic autonomy of the Republic of Azerbaijan achieved as a result of the crushing defeat of Armenia in the Second Karabakh War gives special relevance to the study.
Keywords: geopolitics, trend, approaches, international relations, geopolitical transformations.