MORAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECT OF «HISTORICAL TRAUMA» OF THE ETHNIC GROUP. WHETHER SEPARATISM IS BORN OR RAISED?
Abstract. The purpose of research is to explore and analyze the moral and psychological aspects of separatism, which depends on the individual’s demeanor to the problem of inequality. Each ethnic group has a special history of development, but, unfortunately, its history is not always accompanied only by successful victories. Some ethnic groups have been discriminated for a long period of existence, their culture and language have been disrespected and brutally destroyed. The traumatic legacy of the past has always had a profound imprint on the present and future of every nation. The memory of state’s tragic history, and, especially, the history that is connected with the oppression and intolerance of one ethnic group to another one, has hidden manifestations of separatism in its representatives. The desire to restore «justice» has already spread to many countries around the world and even to the most democratic West countries, that also suffer from separatist movements in their territory. Globalization only accelerates these processes and creates even greater schism in the consciousness of such ethnic groups. Separatist’s political and social position is formed as a result of his upbringing in the same environment, where there is the spirit of revenge for the tragic ancestor’s fate and the restoration of long-awaited «justice» and the retribution for the past mistakes.
Key words: nationalism, separatism, ethnicity, self-determination.