RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN MIDDLE EAST

  • O. A. Pryiatelchuk Institute of International Relations of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
  • Sara Amirabbas Institute of International Relations of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv

Abstract

Abstract. Improving energy efficiency is one of the main ways to reduce energy pollution that leads to economic development, increasing energy access and better life. That can result in reducing fossil fuel use and growing clean energy supplies. The Gulf countries have as many renewable resources as hydrocarbons like sunshine, considerable wind resources, and geothermal. The economy of the Middle east deeplydepends on fossil fuel export. Declining fossil fuel supplies and rising energy prices are driving global energy supplies to renewables energies. Although the Middle East region, due to its special geographical features, has significant potential for the growth of renewable energy sources, they have not been developed yet. It overviews the energy situation and sustainability, economic potential of renewable energy, policies for energy systems over the recent decades in six resource-rich countries in the middle east. In addition, along with renewable energy technologies, possible ways to solve current environmental problems are recognized. The methodology of this work is PESTLE analysis of these countries' energy status
to develop a long-term mechanism for sustainable and secure energy for the Middle East based on Political, Economic, Social, Technological, Legal, Environmental. Also, it identifies challenges that restrict the development of renewable energy technologies in the Middle East. By analyzing the status of energy in recent decades, the importance of implementation of effective energy policies to develop sustainable energy can be realized.
Key words: energy source, sustainable future, renewable, effective policy, resource-rich countries.
Ключові слова: енергетичні ресурси, сталий розвиток, відновлювальні джерела енергії, ефективна політика, багаті на енергетичні ресурси країни.



Author Biographies

O. A. Pryiatelchuk , Institute of International Relations of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv

Doctor of Economic Sciences, professor of the Department of International Business,

 

Sara Amirabbas , Institute of International Relations of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv


PhD student





Published
2021-12-18