METHODICAL APPROACHES TO THE ASSESSMENT OF THE QUALITY OF LIFE OF THE POPULATION OF THE WORLD COUNTRIES AND WAYS OF IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF LIFE INDICATORS OF THE POPULATION FOR UKRAINE
Abstract. In the article the principles of improving the quality of life of the population of Ukraine were analyzed, a method of calculating the quality of life of the population of the world was developed. The solution of the tasks was carried out with the use of general scientific research methods: abstraction, analysis and synthesis, generalization, formalization, as well as special methods of analysis: structural, statistical, logical. The authors have analyzed the state of factors influencing the quality of life of the population of Ukraine: purchasing power index, safety index, health care index, cost of living index, property price to income ratio, traffic commute time index, pollution index, climate index, GDP by PPP per capita in international dollars, rating of political and civil liberties, life expectancy at birth, unemployment rate, gender equality index. General recommendations for improving the condition of these factors and priority areas have been identified. The general approaches to development of methods of calculation of quality of life of the population of the world countries are defined. A method for calculating the quality of life of the population has been developed: 5 indicators that have a positive impact on the quality of life and 5 indicators that have a negative impact on the quality of life of the population have been identified; mentioned weights of each of these indicators. The Index of Quality of Life of the Population of Ukraine, neighboring countries and developed world countries was calculated according to the developed calculation method, the obtained results have been compared with the Numbeo Quality of Life Index.
Keywords: quality of life, quality of life index, social policy, method of calculating quality of life, criteria for assessing the quality of life.