THE PERPETUAL PEACE PROJECTS AS A TREND IN THE SCHOLARLY THOUGHT OF INTERNATIONAL LAW

  • V. S. Rzhevska Institute of International Relations of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv

Abstract

The article investigates how the so-called perpetual peace projects contributed to the scholarly thought of international law. Such projects have been proposed for centuries and came to constitute a rather remarkable trend in human thought, many of them being created by people, prominent of history and representing various fields of activity. Although such projects may be considered an interdisciplinary invention, their contribution to the development of the concepts and ideas of international law can be esteemed as especially significant. The meaning of some famous examples of such projects is summarized. The conclusion is made that among the traces of the influence that the perpetual peace projects had upon the scholarly thought of international law are the preservation and propaganda of the idea of peace, the acknowledgment of law and its means as a valuable component of peace achievement, the investigation of the causes of peace-breaking and combating them, the formation of the principles of peaceful settlement of international disputes and of non-use of force or threat of force, the establishing of theoretical grounds for creating international organizations and elaborating the concept of collective security.
Key words: perpetual peace projects, the peaceful dispute settlement, the non-use of force or threat of force, international organizations, the history of international legal thought, international courts, collective security.

References
1. Traité destiné à établir la paix dans toute la chrétienté. Traduit par Konstantin Jelinek, docteur ès lettres //Chrétiens et sociétés – 8 juillet 2008. – <http://chretienssocietes.revues.org//index68.html>
2. Bentham J. Essay 4. A Plan for an Universal and Perpetual Peace. // J. Bentham (1843). The Principles of International Law. <http://www.laits.utexas.edu/poltheory/bentham/pil/pil.e04.html>
3. Bluntschli J.C. (1895) Le droit international codifié [The International Law Codified]. [Traduit de l'Allemand par M.O. Lardy]. Paris: Guillaumin et Co, éditeurs. 4. Dubois P. (1891) De recuperatione terrae sanctae. Traité de politique générale. [The Recovery of the Holy Land. The treatise on general politic] Paris: A. Picard. –– [Електорнний реусрс]:
http://archive.org/details/derecuperationet00dubouoft
5. Kelsen H. (1995) 'Covenant of a Permanent League for the Maintenance of Peace', in Tournaye C. Kelsen et la securite collective, pp. 103-111. Paris: Universite Pantheon-Assas (Paris II)
6. Lorimer J. (1871) 'Proposition d'un congres international basé sur le principe de facto' [The proposal of an international congress based on the de facto principle], Revue de droit international et de législation comparée. III: 1 – 11.
7. Lorimer J. (1877) 'Le problème final du droit international. Proposition d'un congres international basé sur le principe de facto' [The final problem of the international law. The proposal of an international court based on the de facto principle], Revue de droit international et de législation comparée. IX: 161 – 206.
8. Sully M. (1810) The memoirs of the Duke of Sully, prime-minister to Henry the Great. Translated from the French by Charlotte Lennox: Volume 5. London: Printed for William Miller, Albemarle Street; by Av. Blumer, and Co. Cleveland-road, st. James's.
9. Алигьери Д. (1999) Монархия. [Пер. с итал. В.П. Зубова; Комментарии И.Н. Голенищева-Кутузова] [The Monarchy. Translated from Itailan by V. P. Zubov. Commented by I.N. Golenishchev-Kutuzov]. Москва: Канон-пресс-Ц- Кучково поле. 10. Андреева И.С. (1963) Вековая мечта человечества [The eternal dream of the mankind], в И.С. Андреева, А. В. Гулыга (ред.) Трактаты о вечном мире, сс. 13—37. Москва: Соцэкгиз.
11. Баткин Л.М. (1965) Данте и его время. [Dante and his time] Ленинград: Наука.
Actual problems of international relations. Release 141. 2019
44
12. Камаровский Л.А. (2007) О международном суде. [On an international court] Москва: Зерцало. 13. Кант И. (1994a) 'Метафизика нравов' [Metaphysics of Morals], Собрание сочинений в 8 томах: Том 6: 223–543. Москва: ЧОРО.
14. Кант И. (1994b) 'К вечному миру'. Философский проект [Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch], Собрание сочинений в 8 томах: Том 7: 6–56. Москва: ЧОРО.
15. Коменский Я.А. (1963) Всеобщий совет об исправлении человеческих дел. (Часть Шестая) [General Consultation on an Improvement of All Things Human (Part Six)] Всеобщее исправление, в И.С. Андреева, А. В. Гулыга (ред.) Трактаты о вечном мире, сс. 66 — 81. Москва: Соцэкгиз.
16. Корецкий В.М. (2004) 'Проект Иржи Подебрада об организации мира и современность' [Jiří z Poděbrad's project on the organization of peace and the modernity], Антологія української юридичної думки: Том 8 «Міжнародне право»: 516 – 528. Київ: Видавничий Дім «Юридична книга».
17. Копійка В.В., Шинкаренко Т.І. (2012) Європейський Союз: історія і засади функціонування. [The European Union: its history and the bases of its functioning] Київ : Знання. 18. Малиновский В.Ф. (1963) Рассуждение о мире и войне [Thoughts on War and Peace], в И.С. Андреева, А. В. Гулыга (ред.) Трактаты о вечном мире, сс. 213 – 239. Москва: Соцэкгиз.
19. Пенн В. (1963) Опыт о настоящем и будущем мире в Европе путем создания европейского Конгресса, Парламента или Палаты государств [An Essay towards the Present and Future Peace of Europe by the Establishment of an European Dyet, Parliament, or Estates], в И.С. Андреева, А. В. Гулыга (ред.) Трактаты о вечном мире, сс. 82 – 106. Москва: Соцэкгиз.
20. Руссо Ж-Ж. (1963) Суждение о вечном мире [The judgment on the project of the perpetual peace] , в И.С. Андреева, А. В. Гулыга (ред.) Трактаты о вечном мире, сс. 137 - 149. Москва: Соцэкгиз.
21. Сен-Пьер де Ш. И. (1963) Избранные места из проекта вечного мира (в изложении Ж-Ж. Руссо) [The selected places of the project of the perpetual peace (as rеtold by J.-J. Rousseau], в И.С. Андреева, А. В. Гулыга (ред.) Трактаты о вечном мире, сс. 106 – 136. Москва: Соцэкгиз.
22. Ульянова Н.Н. (1965)' 500-летие Трактата Иржи Подебрада об организации мира и безоопасности'[The 500 Anniversary of Jiří z Poděbrad's project on the organization of peace and security] , Советское государство и право 1:108–21.

Author Biography

V. S. Rzhevska, Institute of International Relations of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv


Candidate of Juridical Science, Associate Professor, Associate Professor at the International Law Department 

Published
2020-02-20