CLIMATE COMMUNICATIONS OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND SUB-NATIONAL SUBJECTS AS ACTORS OF GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE SETTLEMENT

  • О. V. Shevchenko Institute of International relations of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv

Abstract

. Resolving the issue of global climate change addresses a number of vital issues, including the identification of participants and the scope of their competences and areas of responsibility. One of the most influential actors are international organizations, in particular the UN and its special structures, programs and projects, whose activities are aimed at tackling global climate change, adaptation and mitigation of the effects of climate change. Such specialized entities include the United Nations Environment Program, the World Climate Research Program, the Global Climate Observing System, the Global Ocean Observing System, and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. It is emphasized that the application of effective communication tools is an important element in the success of these global climate change response structures. It is shown that in the practice of UN specialized agencies such communication tools as evaluation, special and technical reports, summaries, newsletters, methodological guides, video materials are used; annual conferences, thematic seminars, special information events, etc. are held. In major cases, all information is available to the public in the Internet, as well as in print materials. The author explains the importance of subnational actors, such as cities and regions, in reducing emissions and meeting climate targets that successfully implement regional climate initiatives, which later on serve as a platform for demonstrating, testing and disseminating new, cutting-edge climate challenges. The article demonstrates that the information factor in the work of international organizations and subnational actors contributes to the raising awareness among the world community and improving the understanding of the causes and effects of climate change, as well as how countries and communities adapt to the future effects of climate change. Key words: global climate change, UN, IPCC, subnational entities, climate communications

References 1. CDP Supply Chain Report 2017. Closing the Gap: Scaling up sustainable supply chains, < https://b8f65cb373b1b7b15febc70d8ead6ced550b4d987d7c03fcdd1d.ssl.cf3.rackcdn.com/cms/reports/documents/000/003/014 /original/CDP_Supply_Chain_Report_2018.pdf>. 2. Center for Climate Change Communication. Programs, <https://www.climatechangecommunication.org/programs/>. 3. Climate Bonds Initiative. Green Bonds Market Summary: H1 2018, <https://www.climatebonds.net/fles/fles/H1%202018%20Highlights_12072018.pdf>. 4. Climate Initiatives Platform About the Climate Initiatives Platform, <http://climateinitiativesplatform.org/index.php/Climate_Database:About>. 5. ECC Platform. About ECC, <https://www.ecc-platform.org/about-ecc>. 6. Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate & Energy. ThisiIs a powerful and historic response to climate change, <https://www.globalcovenantofmayors.org/>. 7. Global Investor Coalition on Climate Change. Low Carbon Investment Registry Highlights, <http://globalinvestorcoalition.org/portfolio/summary/>. 8. Hsu, A.; Widerberg, O.; Weinfurter, A.; Chan, S.; Roelfsema, M.; Lütkehermöller, K. and Bakhtiari, F. (2018). Bridging the emissions gap - The role of non-state and subnational actors. In The Emissions Gap Report 2018. A UN Environment Synthesis Report. United Nations Environment Programme. Nairobi. 9. The Climate Communication Project, <https://theclimatecommsproject.org/climatecommunicators-a-visual-map/ >. 10. The Climate Group. Global States and Regions Annual Disclosure: 2017 Update: How Over 100 States and Regions are Acting on Climate Change, <https://www.theclimategroup.org/sites/default/fles/disclosure_update_2017_digital.pdf>. 11. The Yale Program on Climate change Communication. About The Program, <https://climatecommunication.yale.edu/about/the-program/>. 12. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, <https://unfccc.int/resource/docs/convkp/conveng.pdf>. 13. UN: Climate Action Summit 2019, <https://www.un.org/en/climatechange/un-climate-summit2019.shtml>. 14. UNEP: Why does UN Environment matter?, <http://www.unepcom.ru/unep/unep.html>. 15. Буняк Р. Нобелевский лауреат: Чтобы спасти Землю, нужно отказаться от мяса, авто и одежды [Nobel laureate: To save the Earth, you need to abandon meat, cars and clothes], <https://fakty.com.ua/ru/lifestyle/20170911-nobelivskyj-laureat-aby-vryatuvaty-zemlyu-trebavidmovytysya-vid-m-yasa-avto-ta-odyagu/>.
Актуальні проблеми міжнародних відносин. Випуск 141. 2019. .
17

16. ВМО Сигналы и последствия изменения климата сохраняются в 2018 году [Signals and effects of climate change persist in 2018], <https://public.wmo.int/ru/media/прессрелизы/сигналы-и-последствия-изменения-климата-сохраняются-в-2018-году>. 17. ВМО Совместно спонсируемые программы [Co-sponsored Programs], <https://www.wmo.int/pages/summary/cosponsored_summary_ru.html>. 18. Гладильщикова А. (2017) Межправительственная группа экспертов по изменению климата (МГЭИК): цикл шестого оценочного доклада [Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC): Sixth Assessment Report Cycle], Фундаментальная и прикладная климатология, 2: 13–25. 19. ООН Глобальный обзор действий по борьбе с изменением климата указывает на нарастающую динамику, перемещении бремени, упущенные возможности [The global climate action review points to growing momentum, displacement burdens, missed opportunities], <https://www.unenvironment.org/ru/news-and-stories/press-release/globalnyyobzor-deystviy-po-borbe-s-izmeneniem-klimata-ukazyvaet-na>. 20. ООН Доклады по климату: Ключевые доклады о мерах и решениях в области борьбы с изменением климата [Climate reports: Key reports on climate change measures and decisions], <http://www.un.org/ru/climatechange/reports.shtml>. 21. ООН ООН и меры по борьбе с изменением климата [UN and Climate Change], <http://www.un.org/ru/climatechange/un-climate-action.shtml>. 22. ЮНЕСКО Образование и информированность в вопросах изменения климата [Climate change education and awareness], <https://ru.unesco.org/themes/obrazovanie-iinformirovannost-v-voprosah-izmeneniya-klimata>. УДК 327

Author Biography

О. V. Shevchenko, Institute of International relations of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv

 PhD (Politics), associate professor, associate professor of the Department of International Mediacommunication and Communication

Published
2020-02-19