POSITIONS OF STATES OF THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION REGARDING THE ADOPTION OF RESOLUTIONS ON INTERNATIONAL INFORMATION SECURITY ISSUES WITHIN THE FRAMES OF THE UN
Abstract. Achievements in the sphere of automatization and telecommunication are an essential component of transformation of the international peace and security system. This article presents, that consequences of changes are of a dual character. On the one hand, new technologies are becoming an important component of society modernization strategies in developing countries, on the other hand, they can be used for armament modernization or creation of new means of confrontation in modern international relations. APR countries face the most relevant issue of information technologies usage. The article deals with the process of discussion of new challenges and threats to international security, emerging as a result of development and large-scale implementation of information-communication technologies. Positions of states regarding the adoption of resolution in the sphere of international information security were studied through examples of Japan, India, and China. It is proved in the article, that information technologies have become an important component of the security system in the world. Technologies usage may lead to steady international development as well as to information arms race. That is why working out a common position on international information security issues is of crucial importance. It is within the framework of the UN, that different states of the world are given an opportunity to express their visions of the problem of international information security and work out common approaches to its solution. The article shows, that states’ positions have similar as well as different features. For instance, all states express concern regarding possible limitation of technology transfer for the establishment of a more controlled international political environment. But states’ positions have major differences as to mechanisms of information security provision. Thus, Japan and India strive to achieve a balanced system of international information security, which should at the same time have preventive mechanisms against the emergence of threats in the information and science and technology spheres and guarantee continuation of scientific-technological development, which is a crucial component of development and modernization strategies in many countries of the world. China came forward with position of strong regulation of international information security issues and suggested framing of corresponding regulations of the states’ conduct in the cyberspace.
Key words: international security, information security, international cooperation, information challenges and threats, UN, national cyber security strategy, Japan, India, China.