US IN LATIN AMERICA: KEY CURRENT INTERESTS AND METHODS OF THEIR ADVANCEMENT
The present article reviews the current set of interests of the United States of America in respect of Latin American countries. The author believes that the key groups of interests pursued by the US in Latin America are as follows: political and security interests, economic interests, and combined interests, the most important of the latter being the interests relating to combating drug trafficking.
The author believes that the economic interest, albeit being a secondary one in terms of formal hierarchy of interests, is in fact one of the core US interests in the region at present. The US is interested to preserve its influence upon the Latin American market, and further engage the Latin American workforce and industrial capacities to the benefit of the US economy. The US pursues its interests in Latin America, inter alia, through various integration projects, including NAFTA, CAFTA-DR, FTAA, and a range of free trade areas.
The article also addresses the interest of the US in the field of prevention of drug trafficking, which constitutes an important area of cooperation between the US and the Latin American countries concerned. The author argues that, despite the fact that the current outcomes of the ongoing war on drugs may be perceived as controversial, the issue in question serves as a strong factor contributing to the growth of the US influence over, and its presence within, the region.
The article also reviews key methods used by the US to further its interests in Latin America, including the classical methods and those relating to soft power.
Klochkovskii L. L. (1999) Ekonomicheskie otnosheniia Sever-Yug i Latinskaia Amerika [North-South Economic Relations and Latin America], Latinskaia Amerika. No. 11: 22–35.
Romanova Z. I. (2006) SSHA i Latinskaia Amerika: vzaimodeystviie ili protivostoianiie? [US and Latin America: cooperation or confrontation?], Latinskaia Amerika. No. 3: 28–39.
Audley J. J. (2004) ‘NAFTA’s Promise and Reality. Lessons from Mexico for the Hemisphere’. NY: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace: 88.
Baer J. ‘U.S. Military Presence in Latin America Increasing.’ Available at: <http://www.coha.org/u-s-military-presence-in-latin-america-increasing>
Bagley B. (2012) ‘Drug Trafficking and Organized Crime in the Americas’. Washington : Woodrow Wilson Center: 22.
Berenson W. M. ‘Joint Venture for the Restoration of Democracy in Haiti’. Available at: <http://www.oas.org/legal/english/dukerev.doc>
Gagne D. ‘InSight Crime’s 2015. Latin America Homicide Round-up’. Available at: <http://www.insightcrime.org/news-analysis/insight-crime-homicide-round-up-2015-latinamerica-caribbean>
Hoffmann K. ‘Mexikos “War on Drugs” und die Merida Initiative’. Available at: <http://www.ssoar.info/ssoar/bitstream/handle/document/27519/ssoar-2008-hoffmannmexikos_war_on_drugs_und.pdf?sequence=1>
Huey D. ‘The US war on drugs and its legacy in Latin America’. Available at: <https://www.theguardian.com/global-development-professionals-network/2014/feb/03/us-war-ondrugs-impact-in-latin-american>
La Jornada (2004). No. 13. Madrid: 16.
Lindsay-Poland J. ‘US Military Bases in Latin America and the Caribbean’. Available at: <http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article8555.htm>
Meyer P. J. ‘U.S. Foreign Assistance to Latin America and the Caribbean: Recent Trends and FY2015Appropriations’. Available at: <https://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/R43577.pdf>
Meyer P. J. (2015) ‘Central America Regional Security Initiative: Background and Policy Issues for Congress’. Washington : Congressional Research Service: 38.
Pollock N. ‘Humanitarian Relief or Military Intelligence? The US Base in Chaco’. Available at: <http://www.argentinaindependent.com/currentaffairs/humanitarian-relief-or-military-intelligence-the-us-base-in-chaco>
Ribando Seelke C. ‘Latin America and the Caribbean: Illicit Drug Trafficking and U.S. Counterdrug Programs’. Available at: <http://assets.opencrs.com/rpts/R41215_20100430.pdf>
Weeks G. ‘U.S. Leverage in Latin America’. Available at: <http://latinamericagoesglobal.org/2016/01/u-s-leverage-in-latin-america/>
Best Multinationals in Latin America.Available at: <http://www.greatplacetowork.net/bestcompanies/best-workplaces-in-latin-america/best-multinationals-in-latin-america>
CAFTA-DR (Dominican Republic-Central America FTA). Available at: <https://ustr.gov/trade-agreements/free-trade-agreements/cafta-dr-dominican-republic-central-america-fta>
Chile Free Trade Agreement. Available at: <https://ustr.gov/trade-agreements/free-tradeagreements/chile-fta>
Drug War Statistics. Available at: <http://www.drugpolicy.org/drug-war-statistics>
Foreign Direct Investmentin Latin America and the Caribbean. Available at: <http://repositorio.cepal.org/bitstream/handle/11362/38215/4/S1500534_en.pdf>
Free Trade Agreements. Available at: <https://ustr.gov/trade-agreements/free-trade-agreements>
Global Study on Homicide. Available at: <http://www.unodc.org/gsh/en/data.html>
Latin America & Caribbean Trade Summary 2014 Data. Available at: <http://wits.worldbank.org/CountryProfile/en/Country/LCN/Year/2014/Summary>
Our History. Available at: <http://www.oas.org/en/about/our_history.asp>
Statistics of Addiction in America. Available at: <https://www.addictioncenter.com/addiction/addiction-statistics/>
Two US companies move manufacturing operations south to Mexico. Available at: <http://offshoregroup.com/2015/03/17/two-us-companies-move-manufacturing-operations-southto-mexico>
U.S. Military Bases in Latin America and the Caribbean. Available at: <http://fpif.org/us_military_bases_in_latin_america_and_the_caribbean>
U.S. TradeOverview, 2013. Available at: <http://www.trade.gov/mas/ian/build/groups/public/@tg_ian/documents/webcontent/tg_ian_002065.pdf>
United States adds bases in South America. Available at: <http://peoplesworld.org/unitedstates-adds-bases-in-south-america>
US–Latin America relations: at a crossroads. Available at: <http://country.eiu.com/article.aspx?articleid=624217646&Country=United%20States&topic=Politics>
World Drug Report 2016 (2016). [UNODC]. Vienna : United Nations publication: 174.