UKRAINIAN COURTS AND THE PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS

  • Victor І. Muraviov Institute of International Relations of Kyiv Taras Shevchenko National University, Kyiv

Abstract

The article is focused on the interaction between the Ukrainian courts of general jurisdiction and the Constitutional Court of Ukraine in the area of the protection of human rights. There is emphasized that their independent functioning does not provide for the efficient protection of individual rights and freedoms and significantly increases the number of the judicial recourses of the Ukrainian citizens to the European Court of Human Rights. Particular attention is paid to the role of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine in the protection of human rights, which combines the functions of the constitutional control and constitutional supervision.

Its activities are focused on the official interpretation on the Constitution of Ukraine. Attention is paid to the list those who may bring the actions before the Constitutional Court, which includes apart from the state bodies the natural and legal persons. The is mentioning of the issues on initiating of proceedings before the Court. Also broadly is analyzed Constitutional Court’ activities concerning the interpretation of the Constitution in the light of the European Convention on Human Rights and other international agreements dealing with the protection of human rights. The article stresses on the contribution of other Ukrainian courts in the affirmation of the constitutional concept of the protection of human rights and freedoms in Ukraine. The majority of resolutions of such highest judicial body in the system of courts of general jurisdiction as the Supreme Court of Ukraine concern the judgments of the European Court of Human Rights. As it is emphasized in the article the independent functioning on the Constitutional Court and the courts of general jurisdiction does not provide for the cooperation between both branches of courts. Courts of general jurisdiction feel free as to the appeal to the Constitutional Court. Even when such appeals are directed to Constitutional Court the decisions of the letter are not binding to the courts of general jurisdiction. Special attention is paid to the introduction of the institute of constitutional complaint and its positive effect on the judicial mechanism of the protection of human rights in Ukraine.

Author Biography

Victor І. Muraviov, Institute of International Relations of Kyiv Taras Shevchenko National University, Kyiv
Professor, Doctor Hab., Head of the Chair of Comparative and European Law

References

Закон України “Про Конституційний суд України”, 16.10.1996 № 422/96-ВР. [The Law of Ukraine “On the Constitutional Court of Ukraine”, 16.10.1996 № 422/96-VR], <http://zakon2.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/422/96-%D0%B2%D1%80>

Конституція України, 28.06.1996 № 254к/96 -ВР. [Constitution of Ukraine, 28.06.1996 № 254к/96-VR] <http://zakon3.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/254%D0%BA/96-%D0%B2%D1% 80>

Закон України “Про ратифікацію Конвенції про захист прав и свобод людини 1950 року, Першого протоколу та протоколів №№ 2, 4, 7 и 11 до Конвенції” // Відомості Верховної Ради. – 1997. – № 40. – Ст. 263; Указ Президії Верховної Ради Української РСР № 2148-VIII від 19 жовтня 1973 року про Ратифікацію Міжнародного пакту про громадянські та політичні права та про ратифікацію Міжнародного пакту про економічні, соціальні й культурні права. [The Law of Ukraine “On the Ratification of the Convention on Human Rights of 1950, The First Protocol and the Protocols № 2, 4, 7 and 11 to the Convention // Vedomosti of the Supreme Council of Ukraine – 1996. – № 40. – Art. 263; The Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of Ukrainian SSR № 2148-VIII of October 19 1973 “On the Ratification of the International Pact on Civil and Political Rights and the Ratification of the International Pact on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights”].

Назаренко О. А. (2005) Співвідношення Конституції та міжнародних договорів України [The Correlation between the Notion of the Constitutional Control and the Constitutional Supervision in the Characteristic of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine] // Часопис Київського Університету права. – № 3: 90–96.

Конституція України, 28. 06. 1996 № 254к/96 -ВР. [Constitution of Ukraine, 28. 06. 1996 № 254к/96-VR.], <http://zakon3.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/254%D0%BA/96-%D0%B2%D1%80>

Мартиненко П. Ф., Кампо В. М. (2007) Конституція і конституціоналізм в Україні: вибіркові проблеми. Збірник наукових праць членів Товариства конституційного права з нагоди десятої річниці Конституції України, Конституційного Суду України та самого Товариства [The Constitution and Constitutionalism in Ukraine: Collection of Scientific Works by the Members of the Association of the Constitutional Law on the Occasion of the 10th Anniversary of the Constitution of Ukraine. The Constitutional Court of Ukraine and the Association itself ]. Київ.

Основи конституційного права України. Підручник. 2-е вид. стер. / За ред. В. В. Копєйчикова (2000) [The Foundations of the Constitutional Law of Ukraine: Manual. 2nd Ed] – Київ : Юрінком Інтер.

Закон України “Про судоустрій і статус суддів” 07. 07. 2010, № 2453-VI. [Law of Ukraine “On the Judicial System and Status of Judges”, 07. 07. 2010, № 2453-VI], <http://zakon4.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2453-17>

Kulchitskiy N. Ukraine’s paid 147 mln hryvna for the Violations of Human Rights. 15. 04. 2013. <http://ua.krymr.com/archive/news-uk/20150601/16928/16928.html?id= 25335933>

Закон України “Про виконання рішень и застосування практики Європейського суду з прав людини” // Відомості Верховної Ради України. [The Law of Ukraine “On the Enforcement of Decisions and Application of Practice of the European Court of Human Rights” // Vedomosti of the Supreme Council of Ukraine] – 2006. – № 30. – Ст. 260.

Шевчук С. (2007) Судовий захист прав людини: Практика Європейського суду з прав людини у контексті західної правової традиції [The Judicial Protection of Human Rights: The Practice of the European Court of Human Rights in the Context of the Western Legal Tradition] – Вид. 2-е, випр., доп. – Київ : Реферат.

Published
2017-02-21