Аctual Problems of International Relations http://apir.iir.edu.ua/index.php/apmv <p>The journal is included to the list of specialized scientific publications of Ukraine (category B), in which the results of dissertations for the degree of Doctor of Science, Candidate of Science and Doctor of Philosophy of Law, Economics and Political Sciences (specialties - 051, 052, 072, 073, 081, 291, 292, 293) can be published for the purposes of admission to the respective specialized scientific courts.<br>Decision of the Attestation Board of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine (March 6, 2020)</p> <ul> <li class="show">Founder: Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv;</li> <li class="show">Publisher: Institute of International Relations, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv;&nbsp;</li> <li class="show">First published: 1996;</li> <li class="show">Periodicity: four issues per year;</li> <li class="show">Languages of edition: English, Ukrainian.</li> </ul> <p>Main research topics covered: <br>International Relations, International Law,&nbsp;World Economy and International Economic Relations, International Business, International Information</p> <pre id="tw-target-text" class="tw-data-text tw-text-large tw-ta" dir="ltr" data-placeholder="Перевод"><span lang="en"><br><strong>ISSN</strong> (on line) <strong>2663-8959&nbsp;</strong> <strong>ISSN</strong> (print) <strong>2308-6912</strong><br></span></pre> <p><img src="/public/site/images/admin/svid_apmv.png" width="378" height="510"></p> en-US ananavov@ukr.net (А. Nanavov) a_khlystun@yahoo.com (G. Khlystun) Mon, 10 Jan 2022 16:31:36 +0000 OJS 3.1.2.1 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 TAIWAN AS AN ECONOMIC MIRACLE http://apir.iir.edu.ua/index.php/apmv/article/view/3797 <p>Abstract. Taiwan is actually ‘overshadowed’ by China and, therefore, has to uphold a sizable defence budget. On the other hand, this small island attracted considerable investments during the Japanese colonial rule in 1895-1945 and after 1949 when the Kuomintang was finally defeated in the civil war and many representatives of the business circles en masse fled from the mainland. The article considers the reasons for the Taiwanese economic miracle that did happen in this barren mountanius territory despite its limited local agriculture developing in a few productive areas and the deficiency of natural resources being suitable for commercial exploitation.<br>Key words: Taiwan, China, technologies, semiconductors, airlines, free economic zones, ports, tourism.<br><br><br><br></p> P. M. Ignatiev Copyright (c) 2021 Аctual Problems of International Relations http://apir.iir.edu.ua/index.php/apmv/article/view/3797 Mon, 10 Jan 2022 13:11:10 +0000 THE PARTICULARITIES OF THE FORMATION AND MECHANISMS OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE JAPAN'S INTEGRATION POLICY http://apir.iir.edu.ua/index.php/apmv/article/view/3798 <p>Abstract. Using a variety of theoretical and methodological tools, the article reveals the features of Japan's integration policy in the Asia-Pacific region in the first decades of the XXI century. The influence of internal and external factors on its formation and implementation is shown. In the context of the principles of regionalism and globalism, the origins and basic principles of the doctrine of "open regionalism" as a basis for the formation of a multilateral free trade area are analyzed. , but also the world economy. All this gives grounds to assert that regional and global liberalization go hand in hand, reinforcing each other. Japan.<br>The difference between Tokyo's approaches to the issue of integration cooperation in the region and the classical European model is traced. The example of Japan's participation in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) shows how the combination of economic feasibility in the foreign economic strategy with geopolitical processes in the region. Japan has contributed to expanding the range of participants (ASEAN + 3, ASEAN + 6). It is emphasized that strengthening the position of ASEAN is considered by Tokyo as one of the tools to strengthen the collective position of the participating countries in international relations. The role and motives of Japan’s participation in the TTP are clarified - to benefit from full-scale liberalization and to formulate common economic and political goals of the countries in the region, which will ensure unity of action in countering China’s trade and economic expansion. It is emphasized that in the conditions of international uncertainty and high conflict in the world, Japan demonstrates the ability to adjust its foreign policy. In this regard, the growth of its interest in strengthening the format of trilateral cooperation between Japan-China and South Korea to ensure stability and security in the region is significant.<br>Key words: integration, region, globalization, pragmatism, "open regionalism" doctrine, Asia-Pacific region, East Asia, Southeast Asia, APEC, ASEAN, ASEAN + 3, ASEAN + 6, TPP-12, TPP-11, trilateral format, South Korea, China.<br><br><br><br><br></p> M. Nahorniak , А. Fedorak Copyright (c) 2021 Аctual Problems of International Relations http://apir.iir.edu.ua/index.php/apmv/article/view/3798 Mon, 10 Jan 2022 14:56:19 +0000 MORAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECT OF «HISTORICAL TRAUMA» OF THE ETHNIC GROUP. WHETHER SEPARATISM IS BORN OR RAISED? http://apir.iir.edu.ua/index.php/apmv/article/view/3799 <p>Abstract. The purpose of research is to explore and analyze the moral and psychological aspects of separatism, which depends on the individual’s demeanor to the problem of inequality. Each ethnic group has a special history of development, but, unfortunately, its history is not always accompanied only by successful victories. Some ethnic groups have been discriminated for a long period of existence, their culture and language have been disrespected and brutally destroyed. The traumatic legacy of the past has always had a profound imprint on the present and future of every nation. The memory of state’s tragic history, and, especially, the history that is connected with the oppression and intolerance of one ethnic group to another one, has hidden manifestations of separatism in its representatives. The desire to restore «justice» has already spread to many countries around the world and even to the most democratic West countries, that also suffer from separatist movements in their territory. Globalization only accelerates these processes and creates even greater schism in the consciousness of such ethnic groups. Separatist’s political and social position is formed as a result of his upbringing in the same environment, where there is the spirit of revenge for the tragic ancestor’s fate and the restoration of long-awaited «justice» and the retribution for the past mistakes.<br>Key words: nationalism, separatism, ethnicity, self-determination.<br><br><br><br><br><br></p> N. M. Stetsyuk , M. M. Sheketa Copyright (c) 2021 Аctual Problems of International Relations http://apir.iir.edu.ua/index.php/apmv/article/view/3799 Mon, 10 Jan 2022 15:19:31 +0000 LEGAL BASIS OF GENOCIDAL PRACTICE IN TRADITIONAL RWANDA (15th - 20th centuries) http://apir.iir.edu.ua/index.php/apmv/article/view/3800 <p>Abstract. Some people wonder why Rwanda experienced an atrocious genocide in 1994. The main reason is that Rwanda is traditionally a destructive, destructive and violent society prone to the tradition of exterminator. It constitutes a society dominated by physical, psychological and structural violence. The specter of conflicting relationships runs through Rwandan culture and anyone who does not understand its nuances commits errors in value judgments believing that they are operating according to Western logic. The culmination of this violence is the practice of extermination (gutsembatsemba). The latter is tightly tied around a politico-legal architecture carefully designed by the ruling class. Thus the esoteric code, traditional criminal law, traditional military law, war poetry, dynastic poetry and the panegyric system are the basis of the genocidal tradition in pre-colonial Rwanda. This study therefore constitutes an analysis of the legal basis of the practice of genocide in pre-colonial and modern Rwanda.<br>Keywords: genocidal practice, exterminating, esoteric code, war of domination, code of political institutions, structural violence, emasculating, traditional penal law; traditional military law, war poetry, dynastic poetry, trophies, armed incursion, official expedition.<br><br></p> Pierre Claver Mupendana Copyright (c) 2021 Аctual Problems of International Relations http://apir.iir.edu.ua/index.php/apmv/article/view/3800 Mon, 10 Jan 2022 15:26:47 +0000 EU REGULATION OF CARTEL AGREEMENTS: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS http://apir.iir.edu.ua/index.php/apmv/article/view/3801 <p>Abstract. Competition is a one of the most important and fundamental mechanisms of the economy, which is considered to be an essential factor for economic growth and prosperity. This article reviews the importance of competition law, which is one of the most crucial and essential part of law that has to be implemented properly to support and ensure smooth functioning of the economy in the state. This article points out the most important and significant steps taken by the European Commission towards the fight against cartel agreements in the past few years, for example, when the European Commission introduced and made recent developments by implementing specific laws, rules and programs during the last few years, which could be used as a tool to fight against cartel agreements, foster economy and support free and undistorted competition on the market. At the same time, this article discusses and clearly highlights that collaboration between the relevant bodies, as well as between the international organizations increases efficiency of competition level and fosters economic growth. The European Union has updated the relevant guidelines, and fruitful cooperation between the relevant Member States certainly facilitates the process of identifying anti-competition agreements in the marketplace. The article reviews implementation of effective Directives, legal acts or guidelines, such as Directive ECN+ empowering competition authorities to counter any anti-competitive practices, introduction of state aid modernization effective package that plays a crucial role in empowering the EU<br>Member States to execute strategies for better economy, as well as other international developments against cartels to show that these developments are aimed at governing and protecting free and undistorted market competition. These instruments are very efficient and significant for competition and its further development.<br>Key words: Competition Law, Cartel Agreements, European Commission, Recent Developments, Directives and Guidelines, State Aid Modernization package, Economic Growth.<br><br><br><br><br></p> A.S. Nanavov , Paata Phutkaradze Copyright (c) 2021 Аctual Problems of International Relations http://apir.iir.edu.ua/index.php/apmv/article/view/3801 Mon, 10 Jan 2022 16:06:00 +0000 US - CHINA TRADE WAR: IMPACT ON GLOBAL ECONOMY AND IMPLICATION FOR UKRAINE http://apir.iir.edu.ua/index.php/apmv/article/view/3802 <p>Abstract. The article analyzes the economic causes and consequences of the trade and economic war between the USA and PRC. The chronology of the introduction of mutual trade barriers by these countries and a temporary compromise in the form of the first round of the Trade Agreement are considered. Based on the systematisation of estimates of the effects of additional trade tariffs, a contradictory (albeit asymmetric) effect on economic growth, investment and employment in these countries is shown, as well as a predicted increase in the overall negative effect for a significant number of countries in the medium term. The main scenarios of the possible development of trade and economic relations between the United States and China are considered.<br>The authors note that the trade war provoked the effects of trade reorientation and the emergence of beneficiaries among third countries, but, due to the transfer mechanism of global<br>value chains, the losses to the world economy can largely overlap the overall short-term gain from such trade substitution. It has been shown that any trade relocation takes time and has additional costs. Alternative suppliers may not have the same transactional supply efficiency.<br>Particular attention is paid to the impact of the trade and economic war between the USA and PRC on the Ukrainian economy. It is substantiated that Ukraine has also acquired certain export opportunities due to a decrease in the American share in the Chinese market. So, the extremely dynamic growth of Ukrainian exports to China, which has been observed in recent years, testifies to the above effect of reorientation and replacement of trade flows. But, at the same time, the deterioration of world economic dynamics as a result of the trade and economic war increases the overall risks for the Ukrainian economy, especially in the medium term. In the context of the current economic policy of Ukraine, the issue of maximizing the utilization of industrial export opportunities to China and expanding the export of goods with higher added value remains important.<br>Key words: trade war, reshoring, trade reorientation, global value chains, foreign economic policy.<br><br><br><br></p> O. Rogach , O. Pidchosa , A. Buz Copyright (c) 2021 Аctual Problems of International Relations http://apir.iir.edu.ua/index.php/apmv/article/view/3802 Mon, 10 Jan 2022 16:30:35 +0000