Аctual Problems of International Relations http://apir.iir.edu.ua/index.php/apmv <p>The journal is included to the list of specialized scientific publications of Ukraine (category B), in which the results of dissertations for the degree of Doctor of Science, Candidate of Science and Doctor of Philosophy of Law, Economics and Political Sciences (specialties - 051, 052, 072, 073, 081, 291, 292, 293) can be published for the purposes of admission to the respective specialized scientific courts.<br>Decision of the Attestation Board of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine (March 6, 2020)</p> <ul> <li class="show">Founder: Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv;</li> <li class="show">Publisher: Institute of International Relations, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv;&nbsp;</li> <li class="show">First published: 1996;</li> <li class="show">Periodicity: four issues per year;</li> <li class="show">Acceptable languages : English, Ukrainian.</li> </ul> <p>Main research topics covered: <br>International Relations, International Law, World Economy and International Economic Relations, International Business, International Information and Communications</p> <pre id="tw-target-text" class="tw-data-text tw-text-large tw-ta" dir="ltr" data-placeholder="Перевод"><span lang="en"><br><strong>ISSN</strong> (on line) <strong>2663-8959&nbsp;</strong> <strong>ISSN</strong> (print) <strong>2308-6912</strong><br></span></pre> <p><img src="/public/site/images/admin/svid_apmv.png" width="378" height="510"></p> Institute of International Relations of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv en-US Аctual Problems of International Relations 2308-6912 CULTURAL DIPLOMACY AS A KEY COMPONENT OF FOREIGN POLICY OF STATES http://apir.iir.edu.ua/index.php/apmv/article/view/3796 <p><strong>Abstract. </strong>The article highlights the place of cultural diplomacy in the system of foreign policy of states. It considers different models of cultural diplomacy, its forms and instruments of implementation. New tendencies of the cultural diplomacy development nowadays, as well as the correlation of notions of public diplomacy, cultural diplomacy, international cultural policy, are analyzed.</p> <p><strong>Key words</strong><strong>:</strong> public diplomacy, cultural diplomacy, international cultural policy, soft power, Institutes of cultural diplomacy.</p> Т Shynkarenko Copyright (c) 2022 Аctual Problems of International Relations 2022-04-01 2022-04-01 1 150 4 13 10.17721/apmv.2022.1.50.4-13 SPORT AS A MEETING FIELD OF SOCIO-POLITICAL DEMANDS OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY http://apir.iir.edu.ua/index.php/apmv/article/view/3804 <p>The importance of sport and sports entities as active factors of the international agenda formation is proven in this article. The arguments for replacing the classic actors of the world arena with non-standard units, such as individual athletes and sports teams and organizations are given in this context. While emphasizing the fact that they are becoming mouthpieces and lobbyists for specific demands of society more and more often, the analysis of such a phenomenon of politicization and socialization of actors as well as the actors’ tools in such activities as symbols, narratives and physical space is carried out as well.<br>The main research topics of most scholars who focus on the mentioned relationship between politics and sports are nationalism, propaganda, the struggle of ideologies and power through the prism of politics in sport whereas this article also highlights the use of sport as a tool of communication and local identity strengthening. Some of the analyzed sources concern the fixation of events and personalities (Guillem Balague, Dave Zirin, Franklin Foer), while others tackle with philosophical and anthropological issues (Zygmunt Bauman, Erin Tarver, Christopher Gaffney), thanks to which a sufficient level of this phenomena is supplied (especially these are American and British researchers) as well as the need for a multidisciplinary approach to the choice of methodology and areas of analysis is outspoken. The aim of the article is not only to study the sources that shed the light on this issue, but also to give the international (Olympic Games, Mohammed Ali, Marcus Rashford, etc.) and Ukrainian examples (FC «Karpaty») from history and the present.<br>The importance of analyzing fans’ narratives (banners, songs, perception of themselves and others, etc.) and symbolic objects of the urban landscape (stadiums and sports infrastructure in general) is emphasized in order to understand the trends in society that fans and objects represent.<br>Key words: structuralism, identity, localization, geodeterminism, sports diplomacy</p> K. Polishchuk V. Olishevska Copyright (c) 2022 Аctual Problems of International Relations 2022-04-01 2022-04-01 1 150 14 22 10.17721/apmv.2022.1.50.14-22 IMPLEMENTATION OF EU STANDARDS ON PARENTAL LEAVE IN EU MEMBER STATES AND UKRAINE http://apir.iir.edu.ua/index.php/apmv/article/view/3805 <p>The article is devoted to the analysis of the legal nature of the implementation mechanism of the new Council Directive 2019/1158 on work-life balance for parents and carers in EU Member States and compliance of the Ukrainian Legislation with the provisions of this Directive. It is noted that the Directive (EU) 2019/1158 repealed Directive 2010/18/EU and should be transposed into the legal system of Ukraine according to the Association Agreement. The provisions of the Directive 2019/1158 should become legally binding in all EU Member States by August 2022 but as of January 2022 only 4 States have submitted information to the European Commission regarding their transposition measures.<br>Nevertheless, it is underlined that the current legislation in the majority of the EU Member States corresponds to the provisions of the Directive 2019/1158 and sometimes is even more favorable for parents than it is provided by the Directive.<br>Special attention is paid to the assessment of the Ukrainian efforts to bring national legislative provisions in compliance with the EU standards and requirements of the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement.<br>Key words: European Union, work-life balance, parental leave, paternal leave, social policy, Association Agreement, implementation.<br><br></p> O. Sviatun Copyright (c) 2022 Аctual Problems of International Relations 2022-04-01 2022-04-01 1 150 23 30 10.17721/apmv.2022.1.50.23-30 NECESSITY AND DIFFICULTIES TO ESTABLISH A REPRESSIVE SYSTEM FOR INTERNATIONAL CRIMES COMMITTED IN THE DRC http://apir.iir.edu.ua/index.php/apmv/article/view/3806 <p>More than 600 well-documented crimes have been identified in the Democratic Republic of Congo during the armed conflicts that have raged there since 1993 to the present day. Crimes against humanity, serious violations of international humanitarian law, crimes of aggression, crimes of genocide, and terrible human rights violations have been committed. The perpetrators of these crimes must be brought to justice and punished so that the victims of these crimes can be restored to their rights and the Congolese social fabric can be rebuilt. There is no need to dream of an international criminal court for the Congo created under the auspices of the Security Council. The majority of its permanent members are involved. The trial and punishment of any criminal is the discretionary competence of the State or States acting in a sovereign manner. To better achieve this objective, it is important to take stock of the Congolese law enforcement system and to conclude whether or not it is capable of punishing the perpetrators of international crimes in the DRC. Taking into account the number of suspects to be judged and the almost non-existence of specialists in international criminal law in the country, it would be appropriate to resort to international criminal justice, either at the universal or regional level. The creation of a Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission, both at the national and regional levels, will facilitate the political and social reconstruction of the State and promote popular cohesion.<br>Key-words: International justice, creation of an international criminal jurisdiction, international crimes, capacity to create an international criminal jurisdiction, Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission.</p> Pierre Claver Mupendana Copyright (c) 2022 Аctual Problems of International Relations 2022-04-01 2022-04-01 1 150 31 46 10.17721/apmv.2022.1.50.31-46 STOCHASTIC ANALYTICAL APPROACH TO THE TIME FACTOR CONSIDERATION IN ASSETS VALUATION http://apir.iir.edu.ua/index.php/apmv/article/view/3807 <p>This paper emphasizes the important role of assets valuation in assuring the transparency and stability of financial system as underlined by the international Basel Accord on banking supervision. One of the main aspect in this respect is necessity to take into account time factor influence that is especially important for secured lending operations, insurance processes, and in general for investment purposes where duration is essential.<br>Existing approaches for accounting this factor in assets valuation processes are based on empirical analyses of historical data followed by forecasts for the future time period. In this respect two main streamline of approaches are formed: based on smoothing the cyclicity of value change over time or “through cycle” type and skirting of market value evolution trend or “under cycle” type, respectfully.<br>In the paper, a new stochastic analytical model to consider time effect is proposed, which is based on the rational theory of warrant pricing developed by Samuelson. Analytical solution for estimation of proposed time factor Δ is presented. The influence of market value volatility, tendency of market future evolution and required level of certainty on this parameter is analyzed. General methodology of time effect assessment based on this “follow-the-cycle” type model is described.<br>Actual problems of international relations. Issue 150. 2022<br>48<br>Testing of the model applicability was demonstrated using the available information data set for the residential apartments market evolution in 2019-2021 in Ukraine which is monitored by consulting-engineering group “Veritex”.<br>Key words: assets valuation, prudent value assessment, secured lending, market value, Samuelson’s model, stochastic modelling, time factor.<br><br></p> Valery Yakubovsky Alexander Kukush Mykyta Yakovlev Copyright (c) 2022 Аctual Problems of International Relations 2022-04-01 2022-04-01 1 150 47 56 10.17721/apmv.2022.1.50.47-56 THE ROLE OF UNIVERSITIES IN THE DISTRIBUTION OF INTELLECTUAL RESOURCES OF THE GLOBAL ECONOMY http://apir.iir.edu.ua/index.php/apmv/article/view/3808 <p>An increase in the world number of applicants for international academic mobility as well as updating of the list and dynamics of indicators of the structure of the world countries that receive the largest flows of foreign applicants has been revealed. The outflow of intellectual resources of the universities of the American continents to the institutions of the regions of Asia and Oceania has been showed in temporal dynamics as well as increasing innovation activity and international influence of institutions in these regions. An increase in the number of countries whose universities are competitive in an intellect-intensive global economy and intensification of competition for intellectual resources between universities within regions and individual countries has been identified. The transformation of university development strategies has been demonstrated in order to improve the competitive position in the global struggle for intellectual resources (in particular, based on the format of online education, increasing the supply of financial support and diversifying services provided to students). Emphasis has been placed on increasing and clearly formulating the requirements of business entities of the intellect-intensive global economy to university graduates as potential employees of companies. It has been argued that modern universities are becoming not only a source of knowledge, but also a motive for international intellectual migration as well as the center for the accumulation and integration of intellectual resources of the global economy.<br>Keywords: global economy, intellect-intensive economy, intellectual resource, university.<br><br></p> H. Niameshchuk Copyright (c) 2022 Аctual Problems of International Relations 2022-04-01 2022-04-01 1 150 57 66 10.17721/apmv.2022.1.50.57-66