Аctual Problems of International Relations http://apir.iir.edu.ua/index.php/apmv <p>The journal is included to the list of specialized scientific publications of Ukraine (category B), in which the results of dissertations for the degree of Doctor of Science, Candidate of Science and Doctor of Philosophy of Law, Economics and Political Sciences (specialties - 051, 052, 072, 073, 081, 291, 292, 293) can be published for the purposes of admission to the respective specialized scientific courts.<br>Decision of the Attestation Board of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine (March 6, 2020)</p> <ul> <li class="show">Founder: Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv;</li> <li class="show">Publisher: Institute of International Relations, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv;&nbsp;</li> <li class="show">First published: 1996;</li> <li class="show">Periodicity: four issues per year;</li> <li class="show">Languages of edition: English, Ukrainian.</li> </ul> <p>Main research topics covered: <br>International Relations, International Law,&nbsp;World Economy and International Economic Relations, International Business, International Information</p> <pre id="tw-target-text" class="tw-data-text tw-text-large tw-ta" dir="ltr" data-placeholder="Перевод"><span lang="en"><br><strong>ISSN</strong> (on line) <strong>2663-8959&nbsp;</strong> <strong>ISSN</strong> (print) <strong>2308-6912</strong><br></span></pre> <p><img src="/public/site/images/admin/svid_apmv.png" width="378" height="510"></p> Institute of International Relations of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv en-US Аctual Problems of International Relations 2308-6912 Saskatchewan-Ukraine Relationships in Education: History, Current State, and Prospects http://apir.iir.edu.ua/index.php/apmv/article/view/3778 <p><em>For the last decade, the internationalization of higher education became a priority for both the Canadian province of Saskatchewan and Ukraine. Having historically strong ties, these two parties attempt to build equally strong educational relations. By analyzing educational partnerships and collaborations between the post-secondary institutions in Saskatchewan and Ukraine, the paper examines the history, nature, and development of the Saskatchewan-Ukraine relationships in higher education. The author analyses the case of the Saskatchewan-Ukraine cooperation in higher education by examining documents related to the Saskatchewan-Ukraine relations, those outlining Canadian federal and provincial policy initiatives, and Ukrainian state legislature. The paper also discusses the Saskatchewan-Ukraine educational cooperation as it is promoted on the websites of the universities involved in such cooperation. The author investigates different internship programs and initiatives between two Saskatchewan universities – the University of Regina and the University of Saskatchewan, and three Ukrainian public universities – Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University, Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas, and Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatiuk National Pedagogical University. The document analysis provides information of three major categories: the history of the Saskatchewan-Ukraine relations, the current state of such relationships in education, and the prospects of the Saskatchewan-Ukraine educational cooperation. Regardless of the strong governmental support of the Saskatchewan-Ukraine relationships in education, several challenges to the relationships appear in the light of the current political-economic contexts. The paper discusses these challenges and suggests recommendations for developing further Saskatchewan-Ukraine cooperation in the educational field.</em></p> Nataliia Zakharchuk Copyright (c) 2021 Аctual Problems of International Relations 2021-10-22 2021-10-22 1 147 4 17 10.17721/apmv.2021.147.1.4-17 RUSSIA'S 2021 NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY IN THE CONTEXT OF THE STATE’S STRATEGIC CULTURE http://apir.iir.edu.ua/index.php/apmv/article/view/3783 <p>Abstract. On 2 July 2021 Russian President Vladimir Putin adopted the National Security Strategy of the Russian Federation. This is one of the most important strategic security document of the state, which presents the key threats and challenges for Russia in changing socio-political realities. The document is also a part of Russian external as well as internal strategic communication. This article seeks to analyze the new NSS in the context of the state’s strategic culture and its narratives. Russian strategic culture makes a large impact on the state’s identity, which is also affecting Russia’s foreign and security policies. New NSS is an informative source of knowledge about the current Russian security culture, which helps to predict the Russian future policy direction. Keywords: Russia’s 2021 National Security Strategy, strategic culture, identity, strategic communication, foreign and security policy.</p> L Leszczenko O. Tarnavska Copyright (c) 2021 Аctual Problems of International Relations 2021-10-24 2021-10-24 1 147 18 26 10.17721/apmv.2021.147.1.18-26 STUDY OF EXPERIENCE OF THE APPLICATION OF GENDER QUOTAS IN THE POLITICAL SPHERE OF THE EU COUNTRIES AND UKRAINE THROUGH THE PRISM OF EFFICIENCY http://apir.iir.edu.ua/index.php/apmv/article/view/3784 <p>Abstract. The article reveals the experience of using gender quotas and the issues of their effectiveness in the political sphere of the European Union and Ukraine. The relevance of the article is due to the fact that gender quotas are a common and at the same time institutionalized mechanism for ensuring gender equality. The article uses historical, comparative and structural-functional research methods. The authors determined the legal basis of gender quotas, mechanisms for their implementation, types of quotas and criteria for their effectiveness. Legislative candidate quotas and voluntary party quotas have been found to apply in European countries. The experience of applying gender quotas in the EU and Ukraine was studied. Gender quotas have been shown to increase women's representation, but not immediately after application. The effectiveness of quotas is determined by a good legal basis and the use of quotas in combination with other means. It is determined that even a single application of gender quotas has a lasting effect on increasing the number of women in representative bodies. The adoption of voluntary party quotas by leading political parties also contributes to the equal representation of women and men. In addition to directly affecting the number of women in the legislature, gender quotas indirectly affect other aspects of life. Key words: gender, gender equality, gender quotas, affirmative action, European Union.</p> F.V. Baranovskyi Y.V. Dyhal Copyright (c) 2021 Аctual Problems of International Relations 2021-10-24 2021-10-24 1 147 27 36 10.17721/apmv.2021.147.1.27-36 THE COUNCIL OF EUROPE LANGUAGE STANDARDS PROTECTION OF MINORITY LANGUAGES AND THEIR SIGNIFICANCE FOR UKRAINE http://apir.iir.edu.ua/index.php/apmv/article/view/3785 <p>Abstract. As for most countries of the world, the problem of preservation and protection of regional or minority languages is relevant for modern Ukraine. It should be noted that there are no universal special international legal instruments on this issue. Today, European states under the leadership of the Council of Europe have achieved more significant results in this area. The main purpose of its work on this subject is to preserve and protect regional or minority languages in Europe as an integral part of Europe's cultural heritage. Analysing the legal situation with minority languages in Ukraine and the remarks of the monitoring bodies of the Council of Europe on this issue, we note that there is an urgent need to direct national lawmaking to improve national legislation and eliminate shortcomings and inconsistencies with European international legal standards in this area. The article examines the issues of cooperation between Ukraine and the Council of Europe on the protection and promotion of historical regional or minority languages, which contributes to the development of cultural wealth and traditions of Europe. The author examines the purpose of the adoption of the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, its main provisions, and the particularities of the object of application. The reform of the monitoring mechanism of the Charter dated July 1, 2019 is analyzed. Special attention is paid to the application by Ukraine of the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages and the problematic issues of its implementation.<br>Key words: The Council of Europe, Ukraine, regional or minority languages, language rights, language standards, multinational and multilingual population.</p> Vsevolod Mitsik Copyright (c) 2021 Аctual Problems of International Relations 2021-10-24 2021-10-24 1 147 37 47 10.17721/apmv.2021.147.1.37-47 CONFLICT OF LAWS ASPECTS OF INTERNATIONAL BONDS TRANSACTIONS http://apir.iir.edu.ua/index.php/apmv/article/view/3786 <p>Abstract. This article examines conflict of laws issues related to issue and circulation of international bonds at international capital markets. It covers characteristic features of international bonds as financial instruments used for raising capital from sophisticated investors which determine, in particular, peculiarities of solving conflict of laws issues. These issues include determination of the law applicable to the formal and essential validity of an international bond, the rights and liabilities as between the issuer and the holder of the international bonds, legal status of a holder of such bonds, the questions of whether a holder obtains full title from a transferor and how title is to be transferred, and whether the transferee obtains title subject to or free from any defects in title of the transferor. The author specifies possible solutions of this conflict of laws puzzle that may include different competing legal systems. He argues that in common law and some other jurisdictions the fundamental lex voluntatis principle may also be applicable to international bonds due to their contractual nature resulting in possibility to choose the governing law for the bonds. The conventional approach as to the proprietary issues of the bonds refers to the lex situs of these securities as the governing law for these issues. The conclusions formulated at the end of the article present the author’s personal attitude towards legal solution of the problems related to determination of the applicable law for international bonds.<br>Key words: international bonds, conflict of laws, issuer, governing law, lex voluntatis.</p> O.I. Vygovskyy Copyright (c) 2021 Аctual Problems of International Relations 2021-10-24 2021-10-24 1 147 47 54 10.17721/apmv.2021.147.1.47-54 ECONOMIC PRODUCTIVITY: FACTOR APPROACHES http://apir.iir.edu.ua/index.php/apmv/article/view/3787 <p>Abstract. The article focuses on economic productivity and have stressed the theory of marginal utility (productivity). In modern researches such aggregate indicators as a total factor productivity and a multifactor productivity prevail. Total Factor Productivity is measured by combining the effects of all there sources used in the production of goods and services (labour, capital, materials, energy, etc.) and dividing it into the output. Multifactor productivity (MFP) is the ratio of total output to a subset of inputs. A subset of inputs might consist of only labour and materials or it could include capital. MFP is the residual contribution to output growth of an industry or economy after calculating the contribution from all its factor inputs. The OECD methodology examines key single-factor (aggregated) indicators of labour and capital productivity, considering total output and costs and, most importantly, the value added, which reflects the real increase in the welfare of the nation.<br>Key words: economic productivity, marginal utility, multifactor, total factor, output, inputs, capital, labor.</p> Anton S. Filipenko Copyright (c) 2021 Аctual Problems of International Relations 2021-10-24 2021-10-24 1 147 55 64 10.17721/apmv.2021.147.1.55-64 INTEGRATION OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE INTO BUSINESS PROCESSES http://apir.iir.edu.ua/index.php/apmv/article/view/3788 <p>Abstract. AI performs many tasks, including - creating and working in symbolic computing systems, creating and working in systems with fuzzy logic, cognitive psychology, understanding natural language, creating expert systems, computer linguistics, automation of various vocabulary and lexical cards, behavior planning (search and proposal of the most optimal way to achieve the goal, based on this situation), machine translation, creation and management of intelligent robots and groups of mobile robots, etc.<br>Key words: AI, Business processes, Business Process Management (BPM)</p> Evangelos Siskos Konstantia Darvidou N.P. Lytvynenko M.P. Khmara Copyright (c) 2021 Аctual Problems of International Relations 2021-10-24 2021-10-24 1 147 65 73 10.17721/apmv.2021.147.1.65-73