Аctual Problems of International Relations 2023-01-24T14:39:38+00:00 А. Nanavov Open Journal Systems <p>The journal is included to the list of specialized scientific publications of Ukraine (category B), in which the results of dissertations for the degree of Doctor of Science, Candidate of Science and Doctor of Philosophy of Law, Economics and Political Sciences (specialties - 051, 052, 072, 073, 081, 291, 292, 293) can be published for the purposes of admission to the respective specialized scientific courts.<br>Decision of the Attestation Board of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine (March 6, 2020)</p> <ul> <li class="show">Founder: Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv;</li> <li class="show">Publisher: Institute of International Relations, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv;&nbsp;</li> <li class="show">First published: 1996;</li> <li class="show">Periodicity: four issues per year;</li> <li class="show">Acceptable languages : English, Ukrainian.</li> </ul> <p>Main research topics covered: <br>International Relations, International Law, World Economy and International Economic Relations, International Business, International Information and Communications</p> <pre id="tw-target-text" class="tw-data-text tw-text-large tw-ta" dir="ltr" data-placeholder="Перевод"><span lang="en"><br><strong>ISSN</strong> (on line) <strong>2663-8959&nbsp;</strong> <strong>ISSN</strong> (print) <strong>2308-6912</strong><br></span></pre> <p><img src="/public/site/images/admin/svid_apmv.png" width="378" height="510"></p> THE CRISIS OF THE ROHINGYA AS A MUSLIM MINORITY IN MYANMAR AND UN RESPONSE TO THE ROHINGYA REFUGEES 2023-01-20T10:25:48+00:00 Krupenya I. <p><em>The purpose of this paper is to analyze the causes and consequences of the forced migration of the Rohingya Muslim minority from Myanmar to the countries of Southeast Asia. The Rohingya problem is considered as composed of various clusters of past and present human rights violations in Myanmar which has caused their forced migration to neighboring countries of ASEAN, such as Bangladesh, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines and Thailand, on boats through the waters of the Malacca Strait and the Andaman Sea.</em></p> <p><em>This study analyzes the UN responses to manage and resolve the Rohingya problems as well. International initiatives for the introduction of the peace process and mediation services of China to resolve the conflict are studied.</em></p> 2023-01-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Аctual Problems of International Relations DIFFERENTIATON OF “INTERNATIONAL CULTURAL COOPERATION”, “CULTURAL DIPLOMACY” AND “PUBLIC DIPLOMACY” CONCEPTS IN POLITICAL SCIENCE 2023-01-24T13:59:54+00:00 admin <p>The article deals with the<em> concepts of "international cultural cooperation", "cultural diplomacy" and "public diplomacy" which are not identical. Cultural and public diplomacy are noted to have clearly determined goals, aimed at ensuring national interests. It is emphasized that international cultural cooperation, in contrast to cultural relations, does not arise spontaneously, but as the result of purposeful actions of subjects. The tools of public diplomacy are mentioned to aim at the public in other countries, while cultural diplomacy targets the governments. It was determined that international cultural cooperation can be carried out both on bilateral and multilateral basis. Attention is paid to development of international cultural cooperation to maintain peace, based on understanding of the peculiarities of cultures of other states.</em></p> 2023-01-24T13:59:54+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Аctual Problems of International Relations THE RUSSIA OF “EARLY PUTINˮ IN SEARCH OF A NEW NATIONAL IDENTITY: MODERN IMPERIAL IDEOLOGY IN THE SHADOW OF THE “HUMANITARIANˮ “RUSSIAN WORLDˮ 2023-01-24T14:05:10+00:00 admin <p><em>At the beginning of the XXI century the leadership of the Kremlin significantly strengthened control over the processes in the Russian state, achieved certain successes in the implementation of integration projects in the post-Soviet space. To increase the geopolitical weight of the Russian Federation and further strengthen its position on the territory of the so-called “near abroadˮ, Kremlin political technologists developed a new imperial ideology. Ivan Ilyin, a critic of the Bolsheviks and a supporter of monarchism and fascism, acted as an ideological guide for the Russian ruling elite.</em></p> <p><em>A practical manifestation of the new ideological approaches was the introduction of the “</em><em>Day of People’s Unityˮ</em><em> associated with the traditions of tsarist Russia, which essentially replaced the celebration of the </em><em>so called “</em><em>Great October Socialist Revolutionˮ</em><em>. In the same vein, we can consider the launch of the action called “</em><em>Saint George's ribbonˮ</em><em>, which is a kind of attempt to combine the legacy of the Romanovs with the pages of the history of the USSR convenient for the Kremlin. Criticizing the federal nature of the Soviet Union, the Kremlin at the same time actively used the victory of the USSR in World War II for its geopolitical purposes. To the greatest extent, this was manifested due to the active popularization of the myth of the “</em><em>Great Victoryˮ</em><em> and the hypertrophied celebration of “</em><em>Victory Dayˮ</em><em> − the so-called “</em><em>Pobedobesieˮ</em><em>. </em></p> <p><em>One of the important components of the new state ideology of the Russian Federation was the active use of the “</em><em>besieged fortressˮ</em> <em>concept. Tough declarations of the leadership of Russia at that time were complemented by decisive steps. The use of radioactive substances on the territory of Great Britain to kill a former employee of the FSB, cyber-attacks on the governmental structure of a NATO and EU member – Estonia, a return to the Soviet practice of aviation combat duty, a missile strike on Georgian territory by a Russian aircraft demonstrated the readiness of official Moscow to raise the stakes in the framework of the struggle for the redistribution of geopolitical “</em><em>chessboard</em><em>ˮ</em><em>. </em></p> <p><em>The ideological project “</em><em>Russian Worldˮ</em><em> became the decoration for Russian imperialism and revanchism. During the second presidential term of Vladimir Putin, it was already possible to trace warming signals that unequivocally demonstrated that behind the “</em><em>humanitarianˮ</em><em> envelope of “</em><em>Russian Worldˮ</em><em> the aggressive foreign policy goals of the Russian leadership were hidden. </em></p> <p><em>The most openly imperial essence of the Putin regime in its early stages is reflected in the framework of the so-called “</em><em>Russian doctrineˮ</em><em>. This document included provisions on the messianic role of Russia, criticism of the Bolsheviks for the division of the USSR into republics, the postulate on the historical continuity of the Russian Federation from tsarist times, etc. In the context of outlining the foreign policy goals of the Russian Federation, the doctrine refers to the creation of a multipolar world, the non-recognition of the 1991 Belovezh Accords, and the beginning of the path that should lead to the “</em><em>reunificationˮ</em><em> of Russia with Belarus, Ukraine and Kazakhstan is declared. </em></p> 2023-01-24T14:05:09+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Аctual Problems of International Relations ESTABLISHMENT, CURRENT STATE AND PROSPECTS OF POLITICAL RELATIONS BETWEEN AZERBAIJAN AND SERBIA 2023-01-24T14:10:45+00:00 admin <p>The article examines the establishment, dynamics and current state of political and diplomatic relations between the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Republic of Serbia, development trends and reasons hindering the development of political relations, as well as targeted visits of heads of state and government. It also analyzes in detail the role of organizations engaged in cooperation between the two countries in the political sphere, the activities of the intergovernmental commission, the Inter-Parliamentary Group and other issues.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2023-01-24T14:10:45+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Аctual Problems of International Relations GENOCIDE IN THE HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL LAW: THE CRIME AND FORMATION OF THE CONCEPT OF THE CRIME 2023-01-24T14:17:56+00:00 admin Olga Butkevych <p><em>Although the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide was adopted in 1948, the acts of genocide were known to humankind long before that. Throughout the history, attitudes to mass killings of people in the theory of international law and legal consciousness have been changed. Although these crimes have been known for a long history of international law, the concept of punishment for them has not been shaped uniformly during different epochs. The 19th and early 20th centuries were the period of active development of the idea of genocide as an international crime, however it was finally formed with the adoption of the mentioned Convention.</em></p> 2023-01-24T14:17:56+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Аctual Problems of International Relations LEGAL JUSTIFICATION OF FREE WILL AS AN ABSOLUTE RIGHT 2023-01-24T14:30:00+00:00 admin <p><em>The article provides a legal justification for the absoluteness of free will. The understanding of free will has changed from imagining it as "fatum" in determinism to defining its limitations through international and national legal norms. Suppose the ancient philosophers wrote that God influences a person's will today. In that case, it is considered relevant to understand the limits of free will through the prism of regulatory and legal regulation. This thesis raises the pressing question of whether free will is absolute. </em></p> <p><em>The purpose of this article is the legal justification that free will is absolute. To substantiate this thesis, the author proposes to investigate two statements: 1. freedom of will is absolute, and legal norms specify it; 2. freedom of will is not absolute because regulations define its limits. The author examines absolute rights through the prism of their control in international treaties. In particular, an analysis of the normative consolidation and limitation of absolute rights in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the Convention on the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms was carried out. The author analyses the legal grounds for limiting absolute rights. The scientist concludes that the definition of a specific right as absolute is more connected not with the prohibition to limit it but with its significant meaning. It instead characterises absolute rights as natural and inalienable, although not all absolute rights are. The author claims that free will can be considered an absolute right from which other rights arise. The researcher cites an analogy when the absolute right to life gives rise to the right to health care, which gives rise to a whole series of patient rights. As a result, the author emphasises the possibility of assuming that free will is one of the absolute rights from which all others derive. At the same time, it is noted that the possibility of defining freedom of will as a personal non-property right or a principle of law requires a separate study.</em></p> 2023-01-24T14:30:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Аctual Problems of International Relations RUSSIA’S WAR AGAINST UKRAINE AS A GLOBAL THREAT TO FOOD SECURITY: SHORT-TERM EFFECTS 2023-01-24T14:35:59+00:00 admin Olena Pryiatelchuk <p><em>The causal linkage between food security and global threats has not been fully resolved, whereas the relationship between food insecurity and armed conflict has been a key question in both policy and academic circles for recent decades. However, at both the global and national levels, the short-term impacts of such shocks on food security pillars is not well understood. Drawing on latest research and insights, this study attempted to prove that Russia’s war against Ukraine is a global </em><em>threat to food security and investigate the short-term war-induced effects </em><em>on food security in the world. It overviews the reasons contributing to the current global food crisis, the impact on food security dimensions, as well as the global community responses. According to WFP-FAO report, t</em><em>he consequences of a looming food crisis may be more pronounced and ultimately the number of people facing acute food insecurity worldwide is expected to rise from currently 222 million people regarded food insecure globally. As far as the current food crisis goes on and the war continues it is difficult to assess future outcomes. </em></p> 2023-01-24T14:35:59+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Аctual Problems of International Relations USE OF THE KEY RISK INDICATORS METHOD IN RISK MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES 2023-01-24T14:39:38+00:00 admin <p><em>As part of the rapid development of the global economy in recent decades, a clear demand for timely and effective response to changes in the macroeconomic environment of the multinational enterprises (MNE), as well as the influence of endogenous factors on the achievement of operational and strategic goals of the enterprise, is created within the framework of the corporate governance structure of MNE. Such changes and factors can create both risks and opportunities for MNE. As part of the strategic planning processes, modern MNE must identify and assess risks and opportunities in relation to the key objectives of their strategy and assess the potential change in the risk profile of the enterprise, if there are changes in the strategy and any of its sensitivity to internal or external factors. Existing and new risk management strategies should become an integrated part of the operational and strategic planning process of MNE. At the same time, an effective system of key risk indicators (KRI) is an important component of an effective risk management strategy of MNE, based on a holistic approach to the organizational structure of MNE and taking into account the geographical, functional, operational specifics of the enterprise's business.</em></p> <p><em>Applying a natural methodological basis, the article describes the concepts and principles of KRI, their typology and the order of determination. As part of the practical analysis, the role and place of KRI in the system of operational and strategic activity of MNE were determined, as well as a study of the use of KRI was carried out on the example of the collapse of the US residential real estate market in 2007.</em></p> <p><em>The conducted study showed the high efficiency of the practical use of KRI to achieve the goals of MNE and increase the efficiency of their business activities.</em></p> 2023-01-24T14:39:37+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Аctual Problems of International Relations